Class VIII Geography

Chapter - 1 Resources

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography

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Chapter end exercise
Q 1.

Question 1:
Answer the following questions:
(i). Why are resources distributed unequally over the earth?
(ii). What is resource conservation?
(iii). Why are human resources important?
(iv). What is sustainable development?


(i) The physical conditions of the climate are different in different part of the Earth. Due to this variation of terrain, climate, altitude, etc. the distribution of the resources is unequal.
(ii) Using the resources wisely and carefully so that it will be available for the coming generations is known as resource conservation.
(iii) Human resource (Human being as a resource) can utilise the natural resources in one of the best way to generate more resources applying their knowledge and technology.
(iv) Balancing the need to use resources wisely and also conserve them for the future is called sustainable development.

Chapter end exercise
Q 2.

(i) Which one of the following does NOT make substance a resource?
(a) utility
(b) value
(c) quantity

(ii) Which one of the following is a human made resource?
(a) medicines to treat cancer
(b) spring water
(c) tropical forests

(iii) Complete the statement.
Biotic resources are
(a) derived from living things
(b) made by human beings
(c) derived from non-living things


(i) (c) Quantity
(ii) (a) medicine to treat cancer
(iii) (a) derived from living things

Chapter end exercise
Q 3.

Differentiate between the followings:
(a) Potential and actual resources
(b) Ubiquitous and localized resources


(a) Potential and actual resources

S.NO. Potential Resources Actual Resources
1. A resource whose entire quantity
is not known.
A resource whose quantity is known.
2. Not being used at present, but could be used in the future. Currently it is being used.
3. The present level of technology isnot advanced enough to utilise it. The present level of technology is capable to utilise it.
4. For example: The uranium foundin Ladakh, which could be used in future. For example: The dark soils of the Deccan plateau in Maharashtra.


(b) Ubiquitous and localised resources

S.NO. Localised Resources Ubiquitous Resources
1. A resource which is found only in certain places. A resource which is found everywhere.
2. Example: Metals, oil, etc. Example: Air, water, soil, etc.


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