Class VI - Geography

Chapter - 7 Our Country - India

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  • India is a nation of huge geological spread.
  • In the north, it is bound by the elevated Himalayas, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Bay of Bengal in the East and the Indian Ocean in the south.
  • India has a territory of 3.28million sq. km. The north-south extend from Kashmir to Kanyakumari is around 3,200 km and the east-west stretch out from Arunachal Pradesh to kutch is around 2,900 km.
  • It is the second most crowded province of the world after China.

  • India is arranged in the northern side of the equator.
  • The Tropic of Cancer (23°30'N) goes part of the way through the nation.
  • From south to north, fundamental place where there is India stretches out between 8°4' N and 37°6' N scopes.
  • From west to east, India stretches out in the vicinity of 68°7'E and 97°24'E longitudes.
  • The nearby time changes by four minutes for each one level of longitudes. The sun rises two hours sooner in the east (Arunachal Pradesh) at that point in the west (Gujarat).
  • The nearby time of longitude of 82°30'E has been taken as the Indian Standard time.
  • India imparts its outskirt to seven nations Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives. Sri Lanka is isolated from India by the Palk Strait.
  • India is an immense nation. For regulatory reason, the nation is partitioned into 28 states and 7Union Territories. New Delhi is the capital.
  • Rajasthan is the biggest state and Goa is the littlest and Goa is the littlest state as far as zone.
  • India is set apart by a decent variety of physical highlights, for example, mountains, levels, fields, coasts and islands.
  • In the north are the Himalayas meaning the 'dwelling place snow'.
  • The Himalayas are partitioned into three primary parallel extents Great Himalayas or Himadri, the Middle Himalaya or Himachal and the Shiwalik.
  • The Northern Indian Plains deceive the south of the Himalayas. They have alluvial stores made by the Indus, the Ganga, the Brahmaputra and their tributaries.
  • In the western piece of India is the Great Indian Desert.
  • To the South of Northern Plains lies the Peninsular Plateau. It has the Aravalis, the Vindhyas, the Satpuras, the Narmada, the Tapi, the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats.
  • West of Western Ghats and East of Eastern Ghats lay the seaside fields. The eastern seaside fields and the western waterfront fields are situated here.
  • The Sunderban delta is framed where the Ganga and Brahmaputra stream into the Bay of Bengal.
  • Two gathering of Islands additionally frame some portion of India. One is the Lakshadweep Island in the Arabian ocean and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal.

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